Nixon’s agreement to sell excess American wheat to the Soviet Union
a. was successful because the U.S. president came with Chinese recommendation to Moscow.
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b. made the SALT agreements unnecessary.
c. angered American farmers committed to anticommunism.
d. opened up improved relations with the Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev.
e. highlighted the fact that the Soviet economy was doing well enough to afford such an extra good.
Nixon’s vice president, Spiro Agnew, resigned from office after admitting to
a. illegal taping of White House conversations.
b. an extramarital affair.
c. participating in the planning of the Watergate burglary.
d. tax evasion and bribery.
e. ordering illegal surveillance of reporters who had been hounding him.
The gay liberation movement considers this its first spark of activism:
a. the election of Harvey Milk as Mayor of San Francisco.
b. the police raid on the Stonewall Inn.
c. the Gay Power sit-in at New York’s city hall.
d. the alliance with the women’s liberation movement.
e. the first national conference for gay rights in 1971.
The action(s) that Gerald Ford took which cost him widespread public support was/were
a. his pardon of Spiro Agnew.
b. his direct meeting with Ho Chi Minh.
c. his decision to attempt to try Nixon.
d. his pardon of Richard Nixon.
e. his fumbling speeches that made him a laughingstock across America.
The event that signaled growing awareness of the environment in the 1970s was
a. All of these choices.
b. the inauguration of the national parks movement.
c. the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline.
d. the celebration of the first Earth Day.
e. publication of Rachel Carson’s book, Silent Spring.
The Watergate scandal began with a break-in at the
a. National Review.
b. Democratic National Committee headquarters.
c. National Endowment for the Arts headquarters.
d. Washington Post.
e. Republican National Headquarters.
The rise of the religious right in the 1970s brought
a. a new economics of egalitarianism.
b. None of these choices.
c. a widely shared and new understanding of the meaning of conservatism.
d. a public aspect of faith that reflected the growing influence of the South on American culture.
e. greater unity among all religious groups, especially Christians.
During the 1970s, women struggling to achieve equality in the corporate world began to use this term to describe the point beyond which they could not be accepted into a male-dominated world:
a. glass ceiling
b. iron curtain
c. problem with no name
d. tipping point
e. velvet curtain
Which is true of affirmative action?
a. Nixon tried but failed to cause a breakup of the Democratic coalition of blacks and whites that had been forged during the New Deal years.
b. Many of the nation’s universities adopted affirmative action policies only after lengthy court battles.
c. Companies found it fairly easy to follow the affirmative action guidelines of hiring a certain percentage of minorities.
d. In the 1978 case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Supreme Court upheld the legality of affirmative action but denied the right of an entity to use exact quotas to achieve the goal of equality.
e. Programs of affirmative action were generally developed at the state level, since the federal government could not create a one-size-fits-all policy.
The most controversial milestone of the women’s movement was
a. the defeat of the Equal Rights Amendment.
b. the Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade that legalized abortion.
c. the transition from using the term “stewardess” to “flight attendant,” thus opening that profession to males for the first time.
d. the acceptance of women in gender-equal military units.
e. the emergence of Phyllis Schlafly as an opponent of the ERA.
Nixon is often called an accidental liberal because
a. of his commitment to liberal principles.
b. of his crimes of tax evasion and bribery.
c. he covered up his role in the Watergate break-in.
d. he resented the Eastern Establishment.
e. his preoccupation with getting reelected led him to advocate many liberal goals.
On August 9, 1974, Nixon made history when he
a. admitted to his involvement in the Watergate scandal.
b. named Gerald Ford as his new vice president.
c. resigned as president.
d. was the first president to be impeached by both the House and Senate.
e. refused to provide his secret taped White House conversations to Congress.
Which of the following did not happen during Carter’s presidency?
a. He achieved his goal of establishing human rights as an element of American policy.
b. Carter signed the SALT II agreement with the Soviet Union, although it fell apart years later.
c. There was a meltdown of a nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania, raising profound concerns about the safety of nuclear energy.
d. Some public schools had to close because there was not enough energy to heat them.
e. His administration was finally able to get stagflation under control.
Which of the following does not accurately characterize the religious revivalism that began to assert itself into America’s political arena in the late 1970s?
a. It resulted in division and exclusion in religion, rather than inclusion and community-building.
b. It entered the political realm via lobbying groups such as the Moral Majority.
c. It saw the growing popularity of Zen Buddhism and New Age spiritual beliefs as an assault on traditional religious values.
d. It was driven by Protestant evangelicals who attempted to bring Christians into a closer personal relationship with God.
e. It stressed family values and targeted feminism, gay liberation, and overturning Roe v. Wade.
Americans reeled from an embargo on oil deliveries to the United States from the oil-producing countries in the Middle East because those countries
a. believed the United States had pushed Israel to begin the 1973 war.
b. wanted to convince the United States to stay out of Middle Eastern affairs.
c. wanted to see Americans begging for help.
d. resented the help America had given Israel during the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
e. resented the friendly relationship between Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir and the American press.
Which of these was not enacted or created during the Nixon years?
a. Pell Grants for higher education
c. Doubling of the budget for the National Endowment for the Humanities
d. Increased funding for the National Endowment for the Arts
e. Environmental Protection Agency
Passed in 1972, Title IX is important because
a. It banned wiretapping of political candidates and government officials.
b. It required that educational institutions spend equally on women’s and men’s athletics.
c. It legalized access to safe and legal abortions.
d. It outlawed discrimination in employment based on race, creed, religion and national origin.
e. It led to the nuclear disarmament.
Nixon’s goal in seeking improved relations with China in 1972 was to
a. have a chance to visit China during his administration.
b. try to convince the Chinese to trade with the United States and help cut trade protections between the two countries.
c. try to take the Soviet Union’s place as China’s closest ally.
d. be able to invite the Chinese table tennis team to the United States.
e. drive a further wedge between China and the Soviet Union.
All of the following is true about young conservatives in the late 1950s under the leadership of William F. Buckley, except
a. They opposed Great Society and New Deal-style government programs.
b. They opposed abortion and embraced traditional family values.
c. They were militantly anti-communist.
d. They advocated aggressive imperial expansion.
e. They urged tax cuts and less government intervention in people’s lives.
The activism of the 1960s ran into roadblocks in the 1970s, which included all of the following, except
a. Some civil rights activists believed they had achieved most of their goals and disagreed with other activists over the need for further agitation.
b. American politics had reached its limits _ and arguably its low _ in credibility.
c. Ethnic groups seemed poised to fracture any national unity the struggle for black civil rights had initially created.
d. A conservative movement began to push back against the demands of women and minorities.
e. The economic boom of the 1960s had turned into a recession.